Photo Credit mesothelioma
As with any cancer, treatment for mesothelioma, it depends on the location of cancer, the progression of the disease, age and health status of the patient.
It is specialized in the disease, which will decide on the treatment line oncologist. The disease is difficult to treat and in most cases the prognosis is poor. Treatment options include:
1. If the diagnosis is made in the early stages, surgery may be recommended to remove all cancerous tissues. This means thoracoscopy, vats or video-assisted thoracic surgery, mediastinoscopy (used for staging), or laparoscopy. Often, doctors will advise palliative procedures like chest tube and pleurodesis, thoracoscopy and pleurodesis, pleurectomy pleuroperitoneal derivation or that treat the symptoms of mesothelioma rather than the disease.
2. Radiation is prescribed aggressively for mesothelioma patients and is often given in combination with surgery or to control symptoms, palliative. Research on using radiation therapy using implants or UV light therapy is in progress as traditional radiation therapy damages surrounding healthy tissue.
3. Chemotherapy is an option and around 12-20% of patients respond to drugs. Cancer drugs destroy cancer cells and prevent their spread. In mesothelioma, chemotherapy is not considered curative. The aim is to prevent the spread of the disease; reduce the tumor size before surgery, known as neoadjuvant therapy; destroy the tumor remains in the body after surgery; and to relieve pain and other discomforts, palliative chemotherapy. Experts recommend prescribing Alimta with cisplatin. These drugs have shown positive results, and it is now standard care for Mesothelioma not treatable with surgery.
4. Biological therapy using interleukin-2.
5. Immunotherapy where the body’s immune system is stimulated to fight the disease. Biological response modifiers, BRM, are used in treatment. These functions improve the immune system; regulate metabolic reactions promoting the growth of cancers; disrupting cell division of cancer; block or reverse processes that lead to the formation of cancers; and prevent the spread of cancer.
6. Gene therapy, where attempts are made to correct the gene sequence that causes cancer. It is of two kinds, replacement gene therapy and knockout gene therapy.
7. Administration of lovastatin a cholesterol-lowering drug.
8. photodynamic treatment where a photosensitive drug is activated using a laser. The process is done during the surgical removal of the cancerous tissues.
9. Draining of fluid in the chest or abdominal cavity followed by the introduction of drugs into the cavity to prevent fluid accumulation is performed for patients with uncontrolled accumulation of intense discomfort liquid derived from it.
10. The combination therapy or trimodal therapy meaning surgery accompanied by radiation and chemotherapy.
Often, complementary medicines are also used. Called to be holistic this kind of treatment focuses on the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being of the patient.
In the case of mesothelioma, one can choose intractable new treatments clinical trials are underway in several laboratories and research centers. The best advice in the line of treatment would be recommended by the oncologist or physician.